AI Technology


Your automated solution for identifying and redacting discriminatory covenants in property documents.

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Detect Restrictive Language in Historical Real Estate Records

CovenantGuard from First American Data & Analytics is a first-of-its-kind workflow solution that uses AI-driven technology to scan for and identify illegal discriminatory restrictive covenants in nationwide property documents.

Discriminatory restrictive covenants have been in deeds; covenants, conditions, and restrictions (CC&Rs); or other recorded documents for more than 100 years to prevent selected groups of individuals from moving into neighborhoods. While these covenants are illegal and unenforceable, some properties may still include them in their historical record. Several states currently have existing or pending legislation to address removing discriminatory restrictive covenants. CovenantGuard is our solution to help your county detect and redact restrictive covenants, as well as prepare documents for re-recording.

Your County Benefits

Save Valuable Team Bandwidth

Finding documents with restrictive covenants is like looking for a needle in a haystack. Our combined Machine Learning and OCR process can scan millions of documents in a fraction of the time it would take your staff and more accurately, too.

Access Best-in-Class Technology

CovenantGuard features our multi-step process using Machine Learning & OCR to reduce false positives and false negatives. This minimizes effort reviewing unnecessary documents so your team can focus on the documents that matter.

Find Restrictive Covenants Relevant to You

CovenantGuard allows your team to customize a set of terms specific to your county. You can also choose the list First American Data & Analytics uses on its own documents every day.

Flexible Document Review Options

For faster processing use document images from the First American repository that go back decades and/or provide us with your digitized documents.

Easy-to-Use, Configurable Workflow Solution

Let CovenantGuard do the heavy lifting of identifying restrictive covenants. Your clerks can review the suggested redactions to ensure they comply with your county rules, then your legal team can breeze through the documents that need to be approved.

Reporting At Your Fingertips

CovenantGuard logs every action to make it easy to generate reports. Access ready-to-go reports or get custom ones built to fit your needs.

Handwritten Document to Character Extraction

Our CovenantGuard solution uses a combination of Machine Learning (ML) and OCR & Extraction to complete the multi-step process of rapidly identifying documents with restrictive covenants, especially documents that are not easily read with the human eye.

Machine Learning takes CovenantGuard to the next level:

  • Dual Confirmation – Identifies restrictive covenant phrases by shape and term and assigns a confidence score.
  • Extremely Fast – Thousands of documents scanned per hour.
  • Positive Feedback Loop – Models improve after careful analysis of results.
  • Laser Focus on Documents with Restrictive Covenants – Speeds up OCR by reducing unnecessary processing.

Key Benefits


Configurable workflow product based on your county or organization’s requirements.


Customize phrases and terms relevant to your requirements or use the First American Data & Analytics phrase list.


Scans typed or hand-written documents; review current or historical documents.


Recommended redaction with editing functionality.


Unlimited users.

Professional Services


Let us do the work for you.


No product license necessary for project-based off-line restrictive covenant analysis and custom data output.


Document experts to consult and help solve your unique needs.


Take advantage of the First American document repository to save time and effort.


Project management to align with your organization’s goals & objectives.

Why Choose First American & Our Industry-Leading Data Assets

First American Data & Analytics boasts the industry’s largest document repository of digitized recorded documents nationwide and are the land record experts since 1889. Our public record property and ownership datasets are the most complete, accurate, and current in the industry. These documents and data are curated and maintained by a team that has combined hundreds of years of experience.

First American Data & Analytics sought to build a solution to specifically address the issue of finding and removing restrictive covenants. Our patented technology can rapidly scan historical digitized, printed, and/or handwritten documents using our set of specific terms or terms relevant to your county.

Getting started with CovenantGuard is easy – either you can access the millions of documents available in our repository or supply older historical documents that can integrate into the solution for examination. No matter where these documents originate, CovenantGuard offers users an intuitive interface to review documents flagged with restrictive covenants and redact unlawful discriminatory language.

Learn More About CovenantGuard

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